Well aware of his liking for erotic literature he had written a preface to de Sade's Days of Sodom , she said she thought she could do something similar. Paulhan was dismissive: erotica wasn't a thing women were capable of. In the footage, licensed by Rapaport to show in her documentary, she explained: 'I wrote it alone, for him, to interest him, to please him, to occupy him. I wasn't young, nor particularly pretty. I needed something which might interest a man like him.
Aury gave the notebooks to Paulhan, who thought the writing was too good not to be published and urged her to turn it into something longer, a proper novel. Aury admitted that after the initial explosive burst of energy, the writing slowed, and you can tell. The erotic charge seems less intense. O has a job and answers the telephone and moves around Paris, which is all a bit awkward and pointless when you are supposed to be in thrall to an identity-crushing sexual cult.
There are high points: the sex with women is obviously strongly felt Aury was actively bisexual at times in her life and she introduces the dark character of Sir Stephen, an Englishman to whom O is handed over. Sir Stephen, she told Regine Desforges, 'links to a desire for one's father. He is a father figure'. This is clearly an interesting development, from a Freudian point of view, but the switch of allegiances suggests she might have run out of steam with her first thought.
And, generally speaking, the energy seems to fade. Regine Desforges, an impressive redhead who remains a household name in France, confirmed to me that Aury had never initially intended what she was writing to be made public. Another friend, Elizabeth Porquerol, now 90, says, however, that, like all writers, Aury wanted to be published and was flattered by Paulhan's conviction that what she was doing was good. Aury wrote the further chapters and read them aloud to Paulhan as they were parked in the Bois de Boulogne or outside one of the cheap railway hotels where their assignations took place.
He did not drive, and she used to ferry him around Paris. She apparently found this reading business quite difficult: 'It was a written text,' she explained, 'not meant to be spoken. As O's tortures worsen and her torturers multiply, O attains a kind of calm, a purity of being, what Susan Sontag has called 'an ascent through degradation'. Clearly, submission to higher authority held an enormous attraction for Aury. Aury succeeds in giving her book a novelistic shape. One immediately begins to suffocate there, to feel bored.
It's tough to maintain the tempo of pornography, and Dominique Aury's final, rather pedestrian chapter was left out of the published novel. In its place were two alternative, perfunctory endings. In one, the action dribbles out with no resolution; in the other, Aury merely says: 'Seeing herself about to be left by Sir Stephen, she preferred to die. To which he gave his consent. Paulhan said it was all right. You have to wonder if this is some kind of in-joke, since the book is about nothing but sacrifice.
There seems no doubt that the style is all hers. Ducos's translational choices, which subdue radical aspects of Wollstonecraft's feminism, stem from the moral climate and gender ideology of the Directoire , French sentimental literary conventions and his interpretation of ambiguities or innovations in Wollstonecraft's unfinished text. The article focuses on Wollstonecraft's adaptation of sentimental conventions to her feminist agenda, arguing that Ducos suppresses her conception of erotic experience as a catalyst for imaginative insight and personal growth.
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France and women : gender, society and politics Routledge, Also in the library in English translation. Paris: Stock, Duchen, Claire ed. Fisher, Dominique D. Fraser, N and S. Bartky, Revaluing French feminism : critical essays on difference, agency, and culture Indiana University Press, Moi, Toril, ed. Sellars, Susan, ed. Allison, Maggie ed. Atack, Margaret and Phil Powrie eds. Bishop, Michael, Thirty voices in the feminine Rodopi, Dejoan J.
Heymann, B and L. Lang, French erotic fiction : ideologies of desire , ed. Jean Mainil, Spring Chadwick eds. King, Adele, French women novelists : defining a female style Macmillan, Beauvoir, cinema, media, Cixous. Makward, C.follow url
Rentrée littéraire: Littérature française - Littérature étrangère
Rosello, Mireille, Infiltrating culture : power and identity in contemporary women's writing Manchester University Press, Sage, Lorna, Women in the house of fiction : post-war women novelists Macmillan, inc. Beauvoir, Sarraute, Sagan. Sartori, E. Sartori, Eva Martin editor-in-chief et al.
Stephens, Sonya ed. Watkins, S. Below is a small selection of ones I know to be useful but you could also explore the catalogue. Eagleton, Mary: Working with feminist criticism Blackwell, Felski, Rita: Beyond feminist aesthetics : feminist literature and social change Harvard U. Miller, Nancy K. Susan Sellers ed. Abel, Elizabeth and Emily K. Abel, Elizabeth, ed.
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Butler, Judith: Bodies that matter : on the discursive limits of "sex" Routledge, Culler, Jonathan: On deconstruction : theory and criticism after structuralism Routledge and Kegan Paul, Green, Gayle and Coppelia Kahn, eds. Jacobus, Mary, ed : Women writing and writing about women Croom Helm, Jardine, Alice and Paul Smith eds.
Men in feminism Methuen, Jardine, Alice: Gynesis : configurations of woman and modernity Cornell, Kolodny, A. Mills, Sara ed. Photo courtesy of Lasseter Family Winery. Photo courtesy of Jeff Gordon Wine. With that success comes not only a Ferrari or two , but also a winery in Napa Valley that he co-founded in Andretti Winery offers food and wine pairings in an Italian-inspired environment.
Winery guests frequently brush elbows with Andretti and other racecar drivers, especially when races take place at Sonoma Raceway. Winner of Rolex 24 Hours of Daytona, 24 Hours of Le Mans, and numerous championships, Buckler and his wife, Debra, produce a wide array of wines from well-known vineyards, including Cabernet Sauvignon from Beckstoffer. A temporary tasting room in downtown Petaluma offers tastings daily, while Adobe Road awaits the completion of their new tasting room, which will include racing memorabilia.
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Photo courtesy of Adobe Road Winery. Lewis started Lewis Cellars in with his wife, long-time wine industry professional Debbie.
Eventually they would be joined by their son, Dennis. Their appointment-only Napa Valley tasting room features four wines from throughout the region, which includes Sauvignon Blanc, Syrah, and a Cabernet Sauvignon-based Cuvee. Photo courtesy of Lewis Cellars. Wines are available on an allotment-only basis, with tastings available by appointment.
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Photo Mars Lasar. A tasting room is anticipated to open later this year in Napa. Photo courtesy of Charles Woodson Wines. Born in Calistoga, it is no surprise that Vermeil started his own winery upon retirement. Located in the Shenandoah Valley in Virginia, it spreads over 78 hectares of hills. Created in , Trump bought it in for 6.